Reading Comprehension and Sentence Structure

Reading Comprehension and Sentend Structure

Father helps daughter improve reading comprehension.
Father helps daughter
To improve readers’ comprehension, the “Accomplish Reading” app presents users with carefully constructed sentence pairs. Understanding the construction of the sentence pairs requires explanation of “surface structure” and “deep structure.”
Noam Chomsky used these terms in discussing his transformation grammar. The concept of “surface structure” and “deep structure” was used in the design of “Accomplish Reading-Part 2.” Using “surface structure” sentences and “deep structure” sentences induced readers to focus carefully on the meaning of sentences.
To clarify, readers might look at pairs of sentences with similar surface structures, but different deep structures. Conversely, they may look at pairs of sentences with the same deep structure, but very different surface structure. When students are asked to discern whether the sentences have the same meaning or different meanings, they develop better comprehension monitoring skills which leads to better reading comprehension.
For instance, readers may be asked whether “Does the boy run behind the house?” have the same meaning as “Does the boy run beside the house?” This might trip them up. Except for one word, the surface structure is the same. “Beside” and “Behind” are prepositions with different meanings. Reading prepositions accurately is critical to good comprehension. Practicing discerning sentences with almost similar meanings teaches readers to pay attention to prepositions and little words.
Looking at deep structure, readers might be asked, “Does the sentence, ‘The horse ate the apple” have the same meaning as ‘The apple was eaten by the horse?’” In this pair, because of the passive voice, the surface structure is different, but the deep structure is the same. Readers need to practice discerning sentences with the same deep structure, but different surface structures.
To provide this practice, “Part 2: Do They Have the Same Meaning?” displays 80 sentence pairs for developing comprehension monitoring skills. The program provides immediate feedback. If the answer is incorrect, the user interface encourages readers to re-read before they go. Re-reading is an important reading strategy. . The patent for “Accomplish Reading” is filed as US 10 074 588 (A Method of Displaying Content for Reading Training Comprehension Monitoring).
“Accomplish Reading” app improves sentence structure. It trains readers to realize when sentences make sense and when they don’t.. Exercises in discerning meaning in sentences with different structures helps this awareness. Focusing on sentence meaning, readers know that meaning does not reside in individual words, but in a group of words. With this understanding, they read actively, constructing meaning and storing ideas in memory for later retrieval.

Jane Offutt, Ph.D., Reading Specialist

Best App Reading

Accomplish Reading App

Accomplish Reading – Best App  for Improving Reading Comprehension.

The App uses innovative  methods to helps kids improve their reading comprehension.

It  provides Immediate feedback, telling students  if they’ve answered incorrectly.   Direct instruction tells  students what they need to do  to answer correctly.

The app  acts as a personal tutor.  https://accomplishonline.com/personalized-learning/

 Direct instruction to prompt  students to re-read.  Why is re-reading important?  Assessment tests tell students to “look back at the passage to help you answer the question.” “Looking back” or “re-reading”  eliminates random guessing on multiple-choice tests.

 The app teaches students  to re-read, a strategy which improves comprehension and test scores.  

“Accomplish Reading” was rated 5 STARS by Educational App Store, which  evaluates hundreds of educational apps. https://www.educationalappstore.com/app/accomplish-reading

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Re-Reading Improves Comprehension

   Accomplish Reading – Re-reading Improves  Reading Comprehension 


With ACCOMPLISH READING, students  read  science and social studies paragraphs.  If they answer the question correctly, they see the next question.  However, if they answer incorrectly, the user interface  “waits.” Then, it directs them to re-read. To learn more, click on The App

While waiting,  students  read the paragraph again. This teaches students to look back at a passage.   Also, they learn  to fix-up their reading miscues.. This is known as  active reading.  Thus, re-reading  improves understanding.  Improved understanding leads to better test scores.   To learn more about active reading, go to:


Because re-reading improves understanding,  students get better scores on assessment tests.  On multiple choice tests, they do not have to guess at the answer.

ACCOMPLISH READING App acts as a personal tutor.   Students know right away if they have answered correctly.  If they answer incorrectly, the app provides direct instruction.  As a result,  students learn how to answer correctly. Thus, re-reading improves comprehension.

ACCOMPLISH READING is a patented curriculum.  It is based on a double blind study.   Jane Offutt, Ph.D., conducted this study for her dissertation.  To learn more, click on  Reading Comprehension Specialist

ACCOMPLISH READING is short term reading program. It helps  elementary students in grades 3, 4, and 5.   Also, it helps  students in middle school grades 6, 7, and 8.  It not only helps students “catch up” reading skills, but also helps them progress their comprehension skills.

ACCOMPLISH READING is perfect for teachers and parents.  Students work  independently. They can show their progress scores to others.  ACCOMPLISH READING is perfect for the family iPad.   The educational app is only $1.99. Click on     Downloads

ACCOMPLISH READING improves reading comprehension!

Accomplish Reading leads to better comprehension

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